Degree Programs at German Universities
Degree programs at German universities are internationally comparable. All German universities offer students the Bachelor’s, Master’s and Doctoral degree study programs.
Germany participates in the Bologna Process meaning that German universities offer internationally recognized degrees both in names and standards. Over the last decades Germany took important measures to ensure comparability in the standards and quality of higher-education qualifications to other countries of the European Union. Nowadays, degree programs at German universities follow the standard track: Bachelor, Master and Doctoral.
In this way a degree for German university is comparable internationally. Another benefit of such standardize approach:you know in advance what to expect when you enroll to a university.
Bachelor’s degree at German universities
The Bachelor’s degree is the first academic degree. Most of the students enter bachelor study programs right after finishing high school. In the Bachelor study program you will learn the basics of a selected subject with some specific emphasis points. The standard period of study is usually six semesters. You will need to choose your major and minor subjects. When you earn your Bachelor degree, you will be able to embark immediately on your career.
The following degrees are common in Germany: Bachelor of Arts (B.A.), Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.), Bachelor of Engineering (B.Eng.), Bachelor of Fine Arts (B.F.A.), Bachelor of Music (B.Mus.).
Master’s degree at German universities
With a complete Bachelor degree, you can continue your academic education and enroll in a Master’s degree program. The standard period of study in Master’s program is between two and four semesters. The main purpose of these programs is to provide deeper and more comprehensive knowledge in a specific field of study. You may continue in the same field as your Bachelor’s degree or switch to the closely related field.
Who would need Master’s degree? First of all, if you plan to continue with academic research, Master’s degree is a necessary step before doctorate. Secondly, many high level jobs require Master’s degree to apply. So if you are interested in making a career in your field, you will want the best education.
The following degrees are common in Germany: Master of Arts (M.A.), Master of Science (M.Sc.), Master of Engineering (M.Eng.), Master of Fine Arts (M.F.A.), Master of Music (M.Mus.).
Doctoral degree at German universities
Doctoral program is the most advance level of academic study. You will need to write a doctoral thesis – an innovative scientific research paper in a specific subject. The duration of your doctoral study may vary between 2 and 5 years, depending on your research topic and type of your Doctoral program. Finally, after the exam you will be awarded a PhD. Doctoral study differ from the Bachelor and Master programs. Here you will conduct a specific research mostly independently with some guidance from a professor.
Which academic degree is right for me?
To answer to this question you need to be understand two thing: what is your qualification right now and what is your goal. If you are just finishing a high school, then your first step is Bachelor’s degree. After that you have a choice to enter job market or continue to Master’s degree. Master’s degree will in general improve your job potential. If you want to stay in academia, then after the Master’s you will continue to doctoral study.